Today I am going to explain how you can use 1 public IP address on two different sites with 2 complete different ISP’s.
Why do you want to do this …? Well …..
Have you ever tried to share a Usenet account with one of your buddies and came to the conclusion the this is not working because the Usenet provider is only permitting 1 login with 1 IP address? Well same here .
You can do 4 things …
- you can find a Usenet Provider that allows account sharing
- you can use a paid VPN service (with multiple VPN accounts) (this can be expensive when you the data you transfer is of high volume)
- you could try to work for this Usenet Provider and change the settings
- or you can try to find another way (network related) to work around this
Because I want to use 1 of the best Usenet providers (and this provider does not allow account sharing at all) I had to go for the last option.
So I was thinking how I could actually share 1 Usenet account and come from the same IP address.
Well I managed to fool the system and share an account of my favorite Usenet provider and share the cost with a friend of mine named John (We will use his account in this example).
Here is what we briefly used to accomplish this:
- 1 x Internet connection (DSL, 10MB down/1MB up) – John
- 1 x Internet connection (Fibre, 50MB up/down) – Iwan
- 1 x PIX 525 firewall – John
- 1 x ASA 5505 – Iwan
This is how the situation looked like before sharing the account:
What I actually wanted to accomplish is that we can use the same useraccount “johnxyz” of the usenetprovider “UsenetXYZ” on both locations.
Now the situation above is that we both have the same Usenet provider but I can only login with my own account “iwanxyz” and I want to use the account of John (“johnxyz”)
Network details John:
- LAN segment = 10.10.10.0/24
- Using Cisco PIX 525 firewall
- Public IP PIX = 18.104.22.168
Network details Iwan:
- LAN segment = 10.10.20.0/24
- Using Cisco ASA 5505 Firewall
- Public IP ASA = 22.214.171.124
The IP addresses used in this blog article are sample IP addresses and not used in my own production environment
On both sites the PIX and the ASA have the public IP address of their ISP directly configured on the outside interface.
This is the configuration we used to set up a simple IPSEC tunnel which only permits accessing each others LAN segment. So I am able to access John’s 10.10.10.0/24 LAN segment and he is able to access mine 10.10.20.0/24 LAN segment.
hostname pixfirewall ! interface Ethernet0 nameif outside security-level 0 ip address 126.96.36.199 255.255.255.0 ! interface Ethernet1 nameif inside security-level 10 ip address 10.10.10.254 255.255.255.0 ! access-list outside_1_cryptomap extended permit ip 10.10.10.0 255.255.255.0 10.10.20.0 255.255.255.0 ! access-list inside_nat0_outbound extended permit ip 10.10.10.0 255.255.255.0 10.10.20.0 255.255.255.0 ! global (outside) 1 interface nat (inside) 0 access-list inside_nat0_outbound nat (inside) 1 10.10.10.0 255.255.255.0 ! crypto ipsec transform-set ESP-MD5-HMAC esp-3des esp-md5-hmac crypto ipsec security-association lifetime seconds 28800 crypto ipsec security-association lifetime kilobytes 4608000 crypto ipsec df-bit clear-df outside ! crypto map outside_map 1 match address outside_1_cryptomap crypto map outside_map 1 set pfs crypto map outside_map 1 set peer 188.8.131.52 crypto map outside_map 1 set transform-set ESP-MD5-HMAC crypto map outside_map 1 set security-association lifetime seconds 3600 crypto map outside_map 1 set security-association lifetime kilobytes 4608000 crypto map outside_map interface outside crypto isakmp enable outside ! crypto isakmp policy 5 authentication pre-share encryption 3des hash sha group 2 lifetime 86400 crypto isakmp policy 10 authentication pre-share encryption des hash sha group 2 lifetime 86400 ! tunnel-group 184.108.40.206 type ipsec-l2l tunnel-group 220.127.116.11 ipsec-attributes pre-shared-key KEYFORTUNNEL ! end
hostname ASA5505 ! interface Vlan10 description OUTSIDE nameif outside security-level 0 ip address 18.104.22.168 255.255.255.0 ! interface Vlan20 description INSIDE nameif inside security-level 100 ip address 10.11.11.254 255.255.255.0 ! interface Ethernet0/0 description OUTSIDE switchport access vlan 10 ! interface Ethernet0/1 description INSIDE switchport access vlan 20 ! access-list NoNAT_ACL extended permit ip 10.10.20.0 255.255.255.0 10.10.10.0 255.255.255.0 access-list crypto extended permit ip 10.10.20.0 255.255.255.0 10.10.10.0 255.255.255.0 ! global (outside) 1 interface nat (inside) 0 access-list NoNAT_ACL ! crypto ipsec transform-set ESP-MD5-HMAC esp-3des esp-md5-hmac ! crypto ipsec df-bit clear-df outside ! crypto map vpn 10 match address crypto crypto map vpn 10 set pfs crypto map vpn 10 set peer 22.214.171.124 crypto map vpn 10 set transform-set ESP-MD5-HMAC ! crypto map vpn interface outside crypto isakmp enable outside ! crypto isakmp policy 10 authentication pre-share encryption 3des hash sha group 2 lifetime 86400 crypto isakmp policy 20 authentication pre-share encryption 3des hash md5 group 2 lifetime 86400 ! group-policy GP-site-2-site-john internal group-policy GP-site-2-site-john attributes vpn-tunnel-protocol IPSec l2tp-ipsec ! tunnel-group 126.96.36.199 type ipsec-l2l tunnel-group 188.8.131.52 general-attributes default-group-policy GP-site-2-site-john tunnel-group 184.108.40.206 ipsec-attributes pre-shared-key KEYFORTUNNEL ! end
The configuration above is just the plain configuration to get the PIX and ASA working with an internet connection and to make the IPSEC VPN tunnel working.
Once this is done I am able to access my John’s 10.10.10.0/24 LAN segment and he is able to access mine 10.10.20.0/24 LAN segment.
Because I (Iwan) am the one with a better internet connection (50MB up/down fibre) we are going to use John’s Usenet account and I am going to let him use my public IP address to download binary articles with his own account which he will share with me. I already have my public IP address so I don’t have to worry about that
The trick is to route the IP address that the news Provider is using trough the tunnel (from John’s side to Iwan side) and translate this on the ASA to my (Iwan) public IP address.
To test if the method is actually going to work we can try to test this with a website first.
A website like http://whatismyipaddress.com/ shows the public IP address you are coming from.
To translate this domain name to a IP address we use the nslookup tool:
C:\>nslookup whatismyipaddress.com Server: dns-server Address: 10.10.20.20Non-authoritative answer: Name: whatismyipaddress.com Address: 220.127.116.11
To accomplish that John can access http://whatismyipaddress.com we are going:
- to route the IP address 18.104.22.168 trough the IPSEC tunnel
- translate this traffic to my public IP address
Here is the config to accomplish this with a little explanation:
!<-- SEND THIS IP ADDRESS TROUGH THE TUNNEL --> access-list outside_1_cryptomap extended permit ip 10.10.10.0 255.255.255.0 host 22.214.171.124 !<-- NONAT THIS TRAFFIC BECAUSE IT’S GOING TROUG THE TUNNEL --> access-list inside_nat0_outbound extended permit ip 10.10.10.0 255.255.255.0 host 126.96.36.199
<--ENABLE HAIRPINNING> same-security-traffic permit intra-interface !<-- SEND THIS IP ADDRESS BACK TROUGH THE TUNNEL --> access-list crypto extended permit ip host 188.8.131.52 10.10.10.0 255.255.255.0 ! <-- NAT ACL FOR NATTING TO IWAN’S PUBLIC IP ADDRESS --> access-list NEWSPROVIDER-NAT-RULE extended permit ip 10.10.10.0 255.255.255.0 host 184.108.40.206 ! <-- THE ACTUAL NAT COMMAND --> nat (outside) 1 access-list NEWSPROVIDER-NAT-RULE
This is a small explanation about the harpinning feature:
Same-security-traffic permit intra-interface:
The security appliance includes a feature that lets a VPN client send IPSec-protected traffic to another VPN user by allowing such traffic in and out of the same interface. Also called “hairpinning”, this feature can be thought of as VPN spokes (clients) connecting through a VPN hub (Security appliance).
Once all of this is configured John can go to an internet browser and type in http://whatismyipaddress.com he will now see that his ISP IP address is 220.127.116.11 in stead of 18.104.22.168. This means he is accessing this website trough my internet connection.
Once this works you can also replace the 22.214.171.124 ip address for other hosts for example to 1 of your newsgroup providers. (Which does not permit account sharing)
You can use this trick on all Newsgroup providers that are not allowing account sharing.
The final drawing will look like this:
I would like to thanks you again for reading my blog post and if you have any questions just ask these below or contact me.
IT Engineer @ Cisco Systems, CCIEx5 #13084 (RS/SEC/SP/V/DC) UvA Master of System and Network Engineering Student.
ing. Iwan Hoogendoorn
Quintuple CCIE #13084 in RS, Sec, SP and Voice.
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